News is current information about events obtained from all over the world and presented in a fast way to readers. The news can be in any form like audio, video, text, etc and is broadcasted by television, radio and newspapers. News is also transmitted through the internet and social media platforms like Facebook.
People want to hear about things which affect them, and are interested in the ways in which their societies work. This is why the most important news stories are those which involve people: wars, elections, accidents and disasters. People also want to know about what other people think about these issues, and so news which reveals the views of influential figures is important.
When writing a news article it is important to remember that it should be factual and not speculative or opinionated. It should give a clear picture of what happened and why, and explain the implications for people in general. It is also important to keep in mind that not all news will be equally interesting to all people: what is newsworthy for a newspaper reader may not be so for a television viewer or radio listener.
There are many different types of news: sports, weather, crime, politics and foreign affairs are some examples. But perhaps the most important thing about news is that it should be new. A story which has already happened cannot be news, even if it is very significant.
So how do journalists decide what is newsworthy? It is a very difficult question to answer, and the answers will probably be different in different societies. But there are some general rules which can be applied: a story is newsworthy if it is unusual, interesting, significant and about people. This is a very broad definition, and it means that many events which happen every day will not be newsworthy.
Generally, crimes, accidents and disasters will be newsworthy, but only if they are unusual or serious. Other events which might be considered newsworthy include changes to transport and communications systems, political developments in other countries, or the discovery of new natural resources. Almost any event which has an impact on people’s lives will be newsworthy, but the bigger the impact the more likely it will be to be considered newsworthy.
A good rule of thumb is to put the most important news at the top of the paper or on the web page, where it will be seen by the most people. In journalism this is called ‘above the fold’. This will help to keep the newspaper or website readable, and it will make sure that the most important stories are read first.
When preparing to write a news article, it is helpful to ask the “5 W’s”: who, what, where, when and why. This will help you to decide how much detail to include and what sort of tone to use. It is also important to know your audience; this will influence the kind of information you choose to report and how it is presented.