A modern automobile is a sophisticated system designed to combine fuel efficiency with speed. It affects every aspect of society, from the design of our cities to personal uses such as vacation travel and dining.
Automobiles are one of the most widely adopted and universal of all modern technologies. More than 73 million new cars were sold worldwide in 2017.
Hundreds of individual parts make up the automobile’s complex system. These components are arranged into several semi-independent systems, each with a specific function to support the other. Each is necessary for making the automobile run, keeping it safe, and reducing noise and pollution.
An internal combustion engine is the heart of an automobile. It is comprised of pistons, cylinders, tubes to deliver fuel to the cylinders, and other components. It also contains a circulatory system for cooling fluid (mostly water) and lubricating oil.
An automobile’s drivetrain is made up of a transmission, wheels and tires, brakes, and a chassis. The transmission transfers power from the engine to the wheels, while the brakes apply friction to the wheels to stop the vehicle.
The body of an automobile is a large piece of metal that surrounds the other components of the vehicle. It is important for preventing damage to the vehicle when it hits something or falls over. The body is also essential for protecting the driver from injury while driving.
The frame is a piece of metal that provides the vehicle structure with rigidity. It also helps to distribute the weight of the vehicle so it can be controlled by the driver.
The suspension is the system that supports the wheels and absorbs bumps in the road surface. The system is also responsible for the comfort of the driver while he or she drives.
An automobile’s design depends on its intended use. A sports car, for example, requires a more powerful engine and a sophisticated suspension system. It also needs to be able to handle well at high speeds, so the driver can enjoy a smooth ride. In addition, the engine and suspension must be flexible enough to accommodate changing conditions on the road.